Bachelor TR-NQF-HE: Level 6 QF-EHEA: First Cycle EQF-LLL: Level 6

General Information about the Course

Course Code: PSİ 736
Course Title: Trauma Psychology
Course Semester: 8. Semester / Spring
Course Credits:
Theoretical Practical Credit ECTS
3 0 3 3
Language of instruction: TR
Prerequisite of the course: No
Type of course: Alan İçi Seçmeli
Level of course:
Bachelor TR-NQF-HE:6. Master`s Degree QF-EHEA:First Cycle EQF-LLL:6. Master`s Degree
Course Lecturer(s): Lecturer Aylin İpek Timur

Purpose and content of the course

Course Objectives: The aim of the course is to enable the students to know the concept of trauma and trauma-related disorders in details, and to gain the basic knowledge and skills of being a trauma-sensitive clinician.
Course Objective: Within the scope of trauma psychology course, the aim is for students to know the concept of trauma, its types, traumatic reactions, to know the historical development of trauma, to know the genetic - biological-cultural dimensions of trauma, to know the theories of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) belonging to different schools, to comprehend trauma and related disorders, to know their differential and comorbid diagnoses, cognitive model, the concepts of secondary trauma and post-traumatic growth, to know the effects of trauma and close relationships, to have theoretical knowledge about trauma-sensitive psychological support, and to recognize the therapy methods from different schools used in the treatment of all trauma - trauma-related disorders.
Mode of Delivery: Face to face

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge (Described as Theoritical and/or Factual Knowledge.)
  1) Explain the meaning, scope and function of the concept of trauma. Lists the classes and types of traumatic events. Analyze the psychological effects of traumatic events. Explain the psychological symptoms seen after the traumatic event. Explain the symptoms seen in children and adolescents after the traumatic event. Compares individual differences in traumatic symptoms.
  2) Recalls the historical development of the concept of trauma. The history of trauma describes the events and important people of the "Age of Hysteria". Trauma history “I. Explains the events and important developments of the World War II Period. The history of trauma explains the events and important developments of the “Period of Sexual Nervosis”. Criticizes the obstacles that stand in the way of studying the concept of trauma from history to today.
  3) Explains the biological infrastructure of trauma and the biological changes caused by trauma. Explains the changes caused by trauma in the brain. Explain the effects of trauma on the endocrine system. Exemplifies relationships with trauma and culture. Recalls the importance of culture in trauma treatment. Lists cultural factors and explains concepts in coping with trauma.
  4) Explains psychoanalytic theories about trauma. Analyzes trauma within the framework of psychoanalytic theories. Explains the relationship between psychoanalytic theory and trauma. Explains the relationship between self psychology and trauma. Explains the relationship between object relations theory and trauma. Explains the relationship between involvement theories and trauma. Explains the relationship between stress response theory and trauma.
  5) Explains trauma and related behavioral theories. Explains classical conditioning and operant conditioning and trauma. Designs the relationship between bilateral learning theory and trauma treatment.
  6) Lists the cognitive theories associated with trauma. Explains trauma according to cognitive theory. Explains Hierarchical Cognitive Action Model. Explains the Sensory Processing Model. Explains the Cognitive Model. Designs the use of cognitive model in trauma treatment.
  7) Lists Feminist Theories that explain trauma. Lists the contributions of feminist theories to trauma studies. Compares the intersecting and differentiating aspects of feminist theory and other theories. Explains the focus of feminist approach and trauma studies. Uses treatments according to the feminist approach.
  8) Lists Trauma and Trigger (Stress) Related Disorders. Lists DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for Trauma and Trigger (Stress) Related Disorders. Explains the diagnostic criteria and clinical presentation of Reactive Attachment Disorder. Explain the diagnostic criteria and clinical presentation of Boundless Social Participation Disorder. Explain the diagnostic criteria and clinical presentation of Adjustment Disorders. Explain the diagnostic criteria and clinical presentation of Acute Stress Disorders. Explain the diagnostic criteria and clinical presentation of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
  9) Compares comorbid and differential diagnoses of Reactive Attachment Disorder. Compares comorbid and differential diagnoses of Boundless Social Participation Disorder. Compares comorbid and differential diagnoses of Adjustment Disorders. Compares co-diagnosis and differential diagnosis of acute stress disorders. Compares comorbidity and differential diagnosis in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
  10) Explains the concept of Secondary Traumatic Stress. Compares the concepts of primary and secondary traumatization. Lists secondary traumatic stress symptoms Exemplifies who has secondary traumatic stress. Lists the differences between secondary traumatic stress and PTSD.
  11) Explains the concept of empathy fatigue. Explains the concept of burnout. Compares the differences between empathy fatigue and burnout. Explains the concept of emotional contagion. Explains the concept of emotional distance. Explains the concept of empathy satisfaction. Lists risk factors and protective factors in empathy fatigue and burnout.
  12) Explains the concept of post-traumatic growth. Compares the relationships between the concepts of Trauma - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Post Traumatic Growth. Lists the determining factors in post-traumatic growth. Explains the concept of post-traumatic growth with different theories. Explains the relationship between post-traumatic growth and recovery.
Skills (Describe as Cognitive and/or Practical Skills.)
  1) Draws Clark's cognitive formulation in the Trauma Case. Draws the cognitive formulation of Clark and Ehlers in the trauma case. Designs a case formulation from the trauma case. Analyzes how to use case formulation in therapy.
  2) Lists the case treatment plan for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Lists the methods of coping with anxiety. Lists cognitive methods. Lists behavioral methods. Explains the treatment initiation, process and termination phases. Explains relapse prevention methods in treatment. Explains the difficulties to be encountered in treatment. Explains the concept of loss and lists its types. Explains the concept of grief and lists its types. Lists the grief reactions. Explains the theories of mourning. Explains the relationship between trauma and grief.
Competences (Described as "Ability of the learner to apply knowledge and skills autonomously with responsibility", "Learning to learn"," Communication and social" and "Field specific" competences.)

Course Topics

Week Subject
Related Preparation Pekiştirme
1) Trauma Concept and Symptoms
2) History of the Concept of Trauma
3) Genetic Biological Cultural Bases of Trauma
4) Trauma-Related Theories I
5) Trauma-Related Theories II
6) Trauma-Related Theories III
7) Trauma-Related Theories IV
8) Trauma and Associated Disorders
9) Diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
10) Secondary Traumatic Stress Concept
11) Compassion Fatigue and Protective Factors Post Traumatic Growth Concept
12) Case Formulation in PTSD
13) Treatment Plan in PTSD
14) Traumatic Grief and Death
References: 1. Herbet, C. (2020) Travma Sonrası Psikolojik Tepkileri Anlamak. Psikonet Yayınları, İstanbul.
2. Öner, S. (2020) Travma Sonrası Stres Bozukluğu Kuramsal ve Uygulamaya Yönelik Yaklaşımlar. Nobel Yayınları, Ankara.
3. Baker, E., Aksöz Efe, İ., Doğan, T. (2021). Travma Psikolojisi. Nobel Akademi Yayınları, Ankara.
4. Öztürk, E. (2017) Travma ve Dissosiyasyon. Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri, İstanbul.
5. Herman, J. (2020). Travma ve İyileşme. Literatür Yayınları, İstanbul.
6. Nakazawa, D.J. (2021). Kesintiye Uğrayan Çocukluk. Diyojen Yayınları, İstanbul.
7. Akcanbaş, M. (2010). Afet ve Kurban Psikolojisi. Akut Yayınları, İstanbul.
8. Kolk, B. A. (2019). Beden Kayıt Tutar. Nobel Yaşam Yayınları, Ankara.
9. Miller, A. (2019). Beden Asla Yalan Söylemez. OkuyanUs Yayınları, İstanbul.
10. Markham, U. (1998). Çocukluk Travmaları. Alfa Yayınları, İstanbul

Ders - Program Öğrenme Kazanım İlişkisi

No Effect 1 Lowest 2 Average 3 Highest
Ders Öğrenme Kazanımları















Program Outcomes
1) Absorbs concepts related to all sub-fields of psychology (Clinical Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Industrial-Organizational Psychology, Health Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Learning Psychology, Social Psychology, Neuropsychology, Sports Psychology, etc.).
2) Explains the theories of psychology and human behavior based on theoretical foundations.
3) Explains the substructures of human and animal cognitive processes in the nervous system.
4) Conducts independent research within the framework of scientific principles.
5) Examines the emergence of psychology as a discipline, its development, and the process of decomposition into sub-fields in a historical perspective.
6) Applies the basic principles of psychological assessment.
7) Comprehends the cognitive, emotional and behavioral characteristics of people in working life.
8) Conducts scientific research for problems related to the subjects he/she is interested in.
9) Applies group dynamics and techniques that form the basis of the human-to-human communication process.
10) Learns contemporary information-processing and professional devices.
11) Evaluates human behavior in society in both ordinary and extraordinary situations.
12) Transforms the basic ethics, principles, values and rules of psychology into behavior.

Course Teaching, Learning Methods

Q & A
Case Problem Solving/ Drama- Role/ Case Management
Quantitative Problem Solving
Group Study / Assignment
Individual Assignment
WEB-based Learning
Practice in Field
Project Preparation
Report Writing
Social Activity
Occupational Activity
Occupational Trip
Application (Modelling, Design, Model, Simulation, Experiment et.)
Thesis Preparation
Field Study
Student Club and Council Activities
Interview and Oral Conversation
Watching a movie
Bibliography preparation
Oral, inscribed and visual knowledge production
Taking photographs
Mapping and marking
Reading maps
Copying textures
Creating a library of materials

Evaluation System

Semester Requirements Number of Activities Level of Contribution
Attendance % 0
Laboratory % 0
Application % 0
Practice Exam % 0
Quizzes % 0
Homework Assignments % 0
Presentation % 0
Project % 0
Special Course Internship (Work Placement) % 0
Field Study % 0
Article Critical % 0
Article Writing % 0
Module Group Study % 0
Brainstorming % 0
Role Playing + Dramatizing % 0
Out of Class Study % 0
Preliminary Work, Reinforcement % 0
Application Repetition etc. % 0
Homework (reading, writing, watching movies, etc.) % 0
Project Preparation + Presentation % 0
Report Preparation + Presentation % 0
Presentation / Seminar Preparation + Presenting % 0
Oral examination 1 % 40
Midterms 1 % 0
Final 1 % 60
Report Submission % 0
Bütünleme % 0
Kanaat Notu % 0
Committee % 0
Yazma Ödev Dosyası % 0
Portfolio % 0
Take-Home Exam % 0
Logbook % 0
Discussion % 0
Participation % 0
total % 100
total % 100

Calculation of Workload and ECTS Credits

Activities Number of Activities Workload
Course Hours 15 45
Practice Exam
Special Course Internship (Work Placement)
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class
Article Critical
Article Writing
Module Group Study
Role Playing + Dramatizing
Out-of-Class Study (Pre-study, Reinforcement, Practice Review, etc.)
Homework (reading, writing, watching movies, etc.)
Project Preparation + Presentation
Report Preparation + Presentation
Presentation / Seminar Preparation + Presenting
Oral examination
Preparing for Midterm Exams 15 15
Preparing for the General Exam 7 21
GENERAL EXAM (Final) 1 1
Take-Home Exam
Logbook 14 14
Total Workload 97
ECTS (30 saat = 1 AKTS ) 3